Ants

Ants

Overview

Ants are found in almost every environment.

The ant social structure and organisation of their colonies is one of the main attributing factor for their success.

Colonies may have single or multiple queens.

Ants are very tolerant to changing food sources and environments.

Many pest ants in Australia are exotic species that have been introduced through goods transported in containers etc.

When worker ants locate a food source they recruit their ‘worker mates’ using pheromone trials and quickly exploit the food source.

Trophylaxis (the sharing of food between ants) is a key ant behaviour to consider when designing control methods. Not all ants exhibit this behaviour.

Ant species vary in their specialisation for instance ants can be specialist in creating ‘farms’ of aphids (for their honeydew), collect seeds or are predatory.

Adult ants feed exclusively on liquids. Larvae feed on solids.

Generally ants are considered a nuisance and in some countries considered the number 1 pest as they can be difficult to control.

Ant Control

Key points:

  • The objective is to eliminate the Queen/s and where possible remove the nest/s
  • Identification of species is key to the planning and development of an effective SmartGuard Ant Control treatment
  • Most building will require the building owners participation in the implementation of an effective SmartGuard Ant Control solution, in particular in removing conducive conditions that may be attracting of facilitating ant into the building.
  • Pest control technicians should use a combination of modern treatments from sugar based gels and liquids, and non-repellent sprays.
  • Pyrethroid sprays should be avoided as they act as a repellent and could just move your ant problem elsewhere.
  • Some ants will increase egg production if they feel threatened or disturbed.
  • Most ant control work will require more than one visit to the site.
  • High ant pressure sites may require more frequent treatments per annum until the pressure has been moved away from the building.

SmartGuard Ant Control & Protection Program

Ant ID tips

For more detailed information we recommend going online the to PaDIL website http://www.padil.gov.au/ (type in the name/s of the ant you think you have into their Search-lite service)

Inside buildings

  • Black ants
  • Black house ant (Ochetellus spp.)
  • Small black ant
  • White-footed ant (Technomyrmex spp.)
  • Small brown black ant | legs pale + white ends
  • Other inside ants
  • Singapore ant (Monomorium spp.)
  • Light brown head and middle | dark rear
  • Pharaoh ant (Monomorium spp.)
  • Yellow to reddish brown
  • Wood/Carpenter ant (Camponotus spp.)
  • Large | black and brown bands
  • Big headed /Coastal brown ant (Pheidole spp.)
  • Major and minor workers | Yellow to dark brown

 

Outside buildings

  • Green headed ant (Rhytidoponera spp.)
  • Black | with shiny metallic green
  • Funnel ants (Aphaenogaster spp.)
  • Small brown | Nest obvious funnels above ground
  • Bulldog ant (Myrmecia spp)
  • Large | brown, black, red

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